Across the globe from time immemorial, there has been the practice of sending children away from homes after a certain age. Children used to help their parents in their respective livelihood activities from an early age. As the adage goes, “It takes a village to raise a child,” a child learned from his/her immediate family, neighborhood, community and village on a daily basis. Education used to be from observation of daily life, which included various crafts like farming, animal care, pottery, weaving, medicine, jewelry making, carpentry, midwifery, and a host of other such crafts. Of late, especially in the last couple of centuries, the village or community started losing its community structure, as nuclear families became more of a norm than an exception. In families where both parents go to work, children are generally left for themselves, at least for some time in the day. Children today are not exposed to a vibrant intermingling of adults and children of various socio-economic backgrounds as in the past. In the past, there was never a lonely moment in anyone’s life. Modern life has brought more challenges to the family structure and the most affected are the children. Children have lost the opportunity to interact with other children and adults of the community. This interaction used to be a vital tool of experiential learning in their formative and adolescent years of life. There used to be a peaceful pace of life, which used to lead to an unhurried pace of learning.
The idea of a residential school comes to rescue in modern times where the raising of children on a daily basis is delegated to the teachers. Children go home during holidays when they get to spend quality time with their parents. During the rest of the time, children focus on learning and discovering during their formative years, while parents focus on capitalizing on their most productive years.